Dark web, not dark alley: why drug sellers see the internet as a lucrative safe haven

Dark web, not dark alley: why drug sellers see the internet as a lucrative safe haven

Buy Heroin Online

March 4, 2020 7.08pm GMT


  1. James Martin Associate Professor in Criminology, Swinburne University of Technology
  2. Monica Barratt Vice Chancellor’s Senior Research Fellow, Social and Global Studies Centre, RMIT University

Disclosure statement

James Martin receives funding from the Australian Institute of Criminology, who funded this particular study, as well as the National Health and Medical Research Council.

Monica Barratt receives funding from Australian (National Health and Medical Research Council, the Australian Institute of Criminology, the National Centre for Clinical Research into Emerging Drugs) and international (US National Institutes of Health, NZ Marsden Fund) funders. She has recently conducted commissioned research for the NSW Coroner’s Office, the WA Mental Health Commission and the Victorian Department of Health and Human Services. Monica also volunteers for not-for-profit harm reduction organisations: The Loop Australia and Bluelight.org


Buy Heroin Online

RMIT University

Swinburne University of Technology

RMIT University provides funding as a strategic partner of The Conversation AU.

Swinburne University of Technology provides funding as a member of The Conversation AU.

The Conversation UK receives funding from these organisations

View the full list

CC BY NDWe believe in the free flow of information
Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under Creative Commons licence.

More than six years after the demise of Silk Road, the world’s first major drug cryptomarket, the dark web is still home to a thriving trade in illicit drugs.

These markets host hundreds, or in some cases thousands, of people who sell drugs, commonly referred to as “vendors”. The dark web offers vital anonymity for vendors and buyers, who use cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin to process transactions.

Trade is booming despite disruptions from law enforcement and particularly “exit scams”, in which market admins abruptly close down sites and take all available funds.

Read more: Explainer: what are drug cryptomarkets?

The Conversation provides fair, evidence-based coverage. We need your support to keep going

Why are these markets still seen as enticing places to sell drugs, despite the risks? To find out, our recent study surveyed 13 darknet drug vendors, via online encrypted interviews.

They gave us a range of reasons.

More profitable

First, selling drugs online is safer and more profitable than doing it offline:

Interviewer: So you still sell on DNMs [darknet marketplaces], and prefer that to offline. Correct?

Respondent: YES. Selling offline is borderline stupid. You can make so much more money online, the risks [in selling outside cryptomarkets] aren’t even remotely worth it.

Both of these claims correspond with previous research showing that the dark web is perceived to be a safer place to buy and sell drugs.

Regarding profits, darknet vendors do not have to limit their trading to face-to-face interactions, and can instead sell drugs to a potentially worldwide customer base.

Read more: Explainer: what is the dark web?

Less violent

Encryption technologies allow vendors to communicate with customers and receive payments anonymously. The drugs are delivered in the post, so vendor and customer never have to meet in person.

This protects vendors from many risks that are prevalent in other forms of drug supply, including undercover police, predatory standover tactics where suppliers may be robbed, assaulted or even killed by competitors, and customers who may inform on their supplier if caught.

Other risks, such as frauds perpetrated by customers and exit scams, were considered inevitable on the dark web, but also manageable.

Some respondents said that being protected from physical risk on the dark web is not only a benefit for existing drug suppliers, but may also make the activity attractive to people who would not otherwise be willing to sell drugs.

While some of our respondents had previously sold drugs offline, others were uniquely attracted to the perceived safety and anonymity of the dark web:

I hadn’t ever thought about selling drugs in any capacity because I dislike violence and it just seemed impossible to be involved in selling drugs in “real life” without running into some sort of confrontation pretty quickly… I was always too scared and slightly nerdy to do that and never really contemplated it seriously until the dark web.

More customer-focused

Some vendors told us the feeling of safety and control lets them focus on providing a more courteous service to their customers or “clients”:

I try to provide the best products and service I can, when someone has a problem or claims [their order was] short on pills (as long as they have ordered from me before) I usually take them at their word.

This is a stark contrast with perceptions of the street trade, which some of our respondents perceived not only as “small-time”, but also rife with danger and potential violence:

The street trade is a mess. I wanna provide labelled products, good advice and service, like a real business. Not sit in a shitty car park selling $10 bags from a car window all day.

Read more: Australia emerges as a leader in the global darknet drugs trade

Not just about profit

Dark web vendors also pointed out the various non-material benefits of their work. These included feelings of autonomy and emancipation from boring work and onerous bosses, as well as excitement and the thrill of transgression. One respondent described it as:

Exhilarating … and nerve-wracking. Seemed so alien. “Drugs? Online? In the post? Naaaah surely not.” Plus if I’m honest, my inner reprobate buzzes from it. The rush of chucking a grand’s worth of drugs into post boxes… unreal, man.

Interviewees rationalised their participation in the dark web drugs trade in a variety of ways. These included pointing out the relative safety and medicinal benefits of some illicit drugs, and the dangers associated with drug prohibition.

Let’s face it, a LOT of people like getting high… It’s human nature, but to ban it and make it criminal so that it’s hard to get, then you get poison and people die… I can tell you that the use of darknet protects users from buying products that during traditional prohibition would likely kill much more people. It also takes drugs off the street, reducing some violent crime.

These insights help us understand why the dark web is increasingly attractive, not only to consumers of illicit drugs but to the people who supply them.

For those who are averse to confrontation, and who are sufficiently tech-savvy, the dark web offers an alternative to the risk and violence of dealing drugs offline.

You might also like

Dark web: Study reveals how new offenders get involved in online paedophile communities

Altcoin season 2.0: why bitcoin has been outgunned by crypto rivals since new year

A national digital currency has serious privacy implications

ACT cannabis laws come into effect on Friday, but they may not be what you hoped for

3 Comments Oldest Newest

Comments are open for 72 hours but may be closed early if there is a high risk of comments breaching our standards.

Show all comments


More eventsBuy research chemicals on darkweb,Buy Psychedelics Online USA,Buy Magic Mushrooms Online,Buy research chemicals on darkweb online with express delivery using DHL and Fedex,Buy Research chemicals online USA,Buy LSD drug online,Buy Heroin Onlin,Buy Fentanyl online USA,Buy Crystal Meth Onlin,Cocaine for sale online usa,Powder

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

error: Content is protected !!